Architectural sacral objects of Mangistau
The author of the material is Arman Nurgaziev
Brief information about Kadi cemetery
In five places there are burials belonging to the descendants of Kulbalasy: Maulim, Bozdak, Kadi, Shoma, Yesaly. In addition, there are also in Tushybek, Kamysbay, Kyrgyn, Boget and Aktam. Kadi is the name of the area in the mountainous Mangistau, located 10 km northwest of Shaiyr. Kadi well - 10 km, cemetery - 11 km, valley - 16 km from Shaiyr. The reason why it is called Kadi is because the ancient inhabitants planted and cultivated marrows in this valley.
Kadi is an ancient cemetery located in the west of the village of Shaiyr, Mangistau region. Here is a list of names buried here by the descendants of Kulbalasy:
Domed mausoleum: Tobysh Zorbay, Kulbalasy, Kuzhan Batyr, Shabik Myrza 1284 (1867)
Saganatam: Zorbai Kulbalasy, Kydyraliuli Oraz.
Saganatam: Zorbai Kulbalasy, Besenuly Zhapar.
Saganatam: Zorbai Kulbalasy, Besenuly Taganiyaz.
Koytas: Molda Sabyr ibn Molda Kurmanaly 1287 hijra zhyly ufat.
Koytas: Molda Nazar 1230. Alibay Sadikuly.
Saganatam: Nurbai Malik. Akmambet Kalym.
Saganatam: Kozybay.
Stone fence: Zorbai Kulbalasy, Kydyraliuli Besen.
Grave without a number: Zorbay Kulbalasy, Elamanuly Saky.
Grave without a number: Zorbai Kulbalasy, Besenuly Aben (?)
Qulpytas, taskorshau: Zorbay Qulbalasy, Besenuly Berniyaz 1284. (1867)
Qulpytas, taskorshau: Zorbay Qulbalasy, Besenuly Ertileu (?) 1282. (1865) 8 years old.
Qulpytas: Zorbay Qulbalasy, Zhaparuly Boranbay.
Qulpytas: Zorbai Kulbalasy, Shabikuly Satibai 1283 (1866).
Qulpytas: Zorbay Qulbalasy, Duysenbayly Kurmanaly.
Qulpytas: Kulbalasy Zhanadil (?) zaiyby 1899 29 year old.
Grave without a number: Tobysh, Nurbetbai batyr.
Grave without a number: Balabek Rahmetulla.
Grave without a number: Zorbai Tobysh, Kairat Kulbai 1890.
Grave without a number: Tobysh, Taihan Latipuly, Daribai Imanbalasy 1284.
The names of modern graves are from the Kulbalas family and their daughter-in-law:
Domed mausoleum: Boranbayuly Kupzhasar 1914-1981. Sadirbaykyzy Dalukhan 1927-2011 (Zhemeney Yesen)
Kimatam: Kөpzhasaruly Tіlekbay 1948-2015. Borashkyzy Asemgul 1951-2000 (Jary Shotan)
Kimatam: Zhumagaliuly Omirzak 1922-2013.
Kimats: Kiikbayuly Zhuldyzbek 1979-2016.
Keregetam: Kiikbayuly Zhaksylyk 1981-2007.
Keregetam: Қozhakhmetuly Nurgazy 1898-1980. Ekibaykyzy Nabikhan 1916-1984 (Zhemeney Akbota)
Keregetam: Қozhakhmetuly Nurlybek 1919-2001.
Keregetam: Nurgazyly Torebek 1936-2002.
Keregetam: Nurgazyly Izturgan 1940-1996. Torebaykyzy Mariyash 1948-2006 (Tobysh karash)
Keregetam: Іzturganuly Berdiғul 1978-2002.
Keregetam: Shalabayuly Asset 2001-2008.
Keregetam: Nurgazyly Bisenbay 1959-2019.
Keregetam: Torebekuly Sisenbay 1959-2021.
Keregetam: Toleubekuly Duisenbek 1959-2019.
Keregetam: Toleubek zayyby Zholdaskyzy Aytaza 1938-2007 (Bayimbet Zhanaq)
Keregetam: Suhanbek zayyby Toleshkyzy Patma 1963-2015 (Alasha Shagalak)
Керегетам: Суханбек зайыбы Төлешқызы Патма 1963-2015 (Алаша Шағалақ)
These mentioned people are buried in this cemetery. When I visited the cemetery in 2002 with a man from the Balykshy tribe, who came from the Islamic Republic of Iran and was literate in Arabic, I wrote down the inscriptions from the graves.
In 2016, I wrote down the names of the owners of the graves identified as a result of research during an expedition to Kady, together with Nurlan Kulbaev, director of the Mangystau Regional Monument and Reserve.
The rest of the graves have not yet been fully explored. Many of the inscriptions were erased due to the fact that some of the tombs had collapsed and looked washed out. In the future, I will come with specialist researchers, study the fallen tombstones and cemeteries and try to find their owners. These cemeteries are graves that have existed since ancient times. Today this cemetery is under state control, it is fenced and numbered from the outside. In general, many heroes and craftsmen came from the Zorbai clan. This is evidenced by the information recorded in the graves of the above-mentioned heroes. The descendants of the Kulbalasy clan lived around the Kadi valley, raising cattle, building houses and digging wells.
Kyrykkez cemeter
Kyrykkez cemetery is an ancient burial place. It is located 15 km northwest of the village of Shaiyr, Mangistau region. The oldest burial belongs to the 12th century. Later, many saganatama were erected. Also there are koitas in the form of a pyramid, ushtases, bestas, besiktas in the western part of the cemetery. They depict different types of ornaments. Many monuments were built in the 18th and 20th centuries. Most of the buried belong to the Adai clans - Turkmenadai-Bali and Bayimbet-Medet. The depicted ornaments and monuments give a lot of information about the spiritual culture of the Kazakh people. Each monument is special with its unique constructions. The well-known folk akyn Kashagan Kurzhimanuly was buried in this cemetery. The local population believes that the Kyrykkez cemetery is one of the holy sacred places
Additional material from the book - "360 Shrines of Mangistau"
Shrine of Kyrykkez
The cemetery is located on a small hill 15 km northwest of the Shaiyr village, and it is clearly visible from afar. N44°21.43.85; E051°44.3566; In the center of the burial is the structure of an ancient mausoleum. The mausoleum was built of limestone with a clay layer in the form of a rectangle. The roof of the dome, made by the method of artificial overlap. According to legend, when they wanted to bury someone in the cemetery, the grave of this person was extended by 80 cm and this happened 40 times. Therefore, the deceased is buried in this mysterious grave around. After that, the burial was called Kyrykkez. And in fact, the length of the stone fence of the grave proves that the buried was as tall as Gulliver.
The famous zhyrau Kashagan Kurzhimanuly from the Kosai-Bali clan is buried in this cemetery. On the 150th anniversary of the akyn, a mausoleum with domes was built. It was built from stones with ornaments, using interior paint, and is considered the best architectural structure in the region. The mausoleum was built by the architect Maksut Nurkabaev. Today, the cemetery is looked after, it is one of the sacred places where people make pilgrimages. People who know local traditions stop at the Kyrykkez shrine, where there is a small hearth and a pole, and read the Koran.
More interesting articles about Mangistau in our blog.
You can visit and bow to the spirits of these holy places on the excursion "Behind the Veil of Eternity" and on the two-day tour "Mangistau Miracles" of the tour operator LLP "Tourist"