Mangistau Giants
The author of the material is Arman Nurgaziev
(lived approximately between 1795 and 1860)
Eight sons of Kydyrali
This memorial story tells about the descendants of the Kulbalasy clan, descended from Besen ata, the son of Kydyraly. Due to the fact that many details have been forgotten, stories about our other relatives were not included in this book due to the lack of detailed information.

According to the legends of our ancestors, when the clans of the warriors of the Younger Zhuz came from Alatau to the west, they settled in the Volga-Zhaiyk region. By the end of the 18th century, the Adai tribes began to migrate to Mangistau and formed a council of elders to take possession of the settlement and water. Representatives of each clan from each tribe participated in this council. Everyone puts his mark on the well and spring where they met, and agreed that the other person would not encroach on the place marked by someone in order to prevent civil strife. While the leaders of each clan were looking for a suitable place, our grandfather Kydyraly, following the eastern slope of Karatau, led the whole clan, and approached the Shair area in the 1770s. There he saw a spring flowing from the mountain and took possession of this source, saying: "This is water that never ends." Later, this spring became known as Tartpa Koz (which means "You can't take your eyes off" or Endless Spring). Generally speaking, our grandfather Kydyraly divided all his eight sons into two co-heirs and they lived in four auls. Among them, Besen and Yrysaly lived in the same village. The rest of the children of Kydyraly: Musirali and Dosan, Kodzhaly and Kosybai, Oraz and Daulet, as well as brothers Berdaly, Seraly, Begesh lived in Shaiyr with several yurts in one large aul. The lands "Kozhakhmet kuys", "Karabas", "Kady" and "Akkorgan" in this Shaiyr are the settlements of the descendants of the son of Kydyraly - Besen.

Besen Batyr
Approximately Kydyraly was born in the 1740s, it is assumed that Besen was born in the 1790s. In the 2nd half of the 18th and the 1st half of the 19th centuries, the Adai tribes fought with the Khiva Khanate, the Volga Kalmyks and Turkmens. Besen gained heroic fame in these wars with the Kalmyks and Khivans, and then with the Ulama after the battle in the Ice Massacre. In peacetime, Besen rides his Teke horse on Mount Akkorgan, makes him playfully jump, thus preparing for patience and endurance. Going into battle, he first came to his elder brother Yrysaly for a blessing. The brother asked: “Besenzhan, where is God?" Then Besen answered: "God is in my mind, the Koran is in my heart." “Well then, good luck!" - accompanied his brother on a campaign.
There are the following verses dedicated to Besen batyr, who defended the country and land:
There is one venerable arrow out of a hundred,
And this arrow plunged into the target of a thousand,
If there is Besen, a batyr-hero of five,
If under him the blue Tekin is safe,
All enemies will be put into a groan state!
Five mischievous of Besen
Children of Besen: Zhapar, Aben, Balta, Berniyaz, Taganiyaz, Kalniyaz. They are popularly known as the "Five mischievous Besen", only the eldest son Japar was calmer than the others. Although they were called naughty, they were "just mischief-makers". To the children of Besen, this mischievous quality must have been passed down through the maternal line from the Alash clan. The heroic qualities passed down from father to son can be seen in his descendants to this day. For example, according to historical data, during the peasant uprising of 1870 led by Isa-Dosan in Mangistau, nine bogatyrs from the descendants of Kulbalasy set out from Shaiyr to defeat Rukin's troops in Ushauyz. Five of these nine heroes are Besen's children. After that, during the Adai uprising of 1931, the descendants of Besen took part in the battles that took place in Fort Aleksandrovsk.

Based on the translation of Nurlan Kulbai from documents written in Arabic, according to data found during research in the Orenburg archive:

"In 1836, Akbota Tasbolatuly Olzhabai, Bektasuly Zhanabergen and Bisen, being citizens, and we are from the Zorbai tribe: Otegul Shakauly Bektau, Kulbalasy Kydyralyuly Besen and Kerderi (Shegem) Khankeldiuly Shaktu redeemed and freed three Russians from slavery. "To the commandant of the Russian military fortress in Kyzyltas, we handed over three of our Russians, liberated from Zhylkaydar, the Turkmenadai family and Kunanorys Sabak. I attached my tamga Besen," the message says. (Fund 6, Inventory 10, File 4512).
Pedigree of Besen
Pedigree of Taganiaz (son of Besen)
In 2017, the descendants of Besen ata gathered and erected a monument to Besen batyr in the family cemetery of Kadi.
Monument to Besen batyr. Cemetery of Kadi. Shaiyr village.
The descendants of Besen batyr, who foreshadowed the courage of their grandfather for future generations, today are close-knit brothers. Always working on the one hand, they live without a single crack in the continuity of generations. The generation that follows the special day in the gathering, they gather every year and strengthen family ties...
More interesting articles about Mangistau in our blog.
You can visit and bow to the spirits of these holy places on the excursion "Behind the Veil of Eternity" and on the two-day tour "Mangistau Miracles" of the tour operator LLP "Tourist"